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Since July 2016 we use GitLab to collaborate.
UNIBZ users have to login to GitLab and their account will be automatically enabled.
External users can sign up with their Google, Twitter, or Facebook account.
Here are some instructions on GitLab to ease its use.
If you need support on old repositories created via SVN please continue reading here.
Git is usually preinstalled in Linux and Mac, while in Windows you have to install a client.
You can have different hosts for different Git repositories which you access via specific username/e-mail. You have to configure your local Git with these settings.
The steps for pushing and pulling via SSH Key
- Step 3: Configure your local Git client
Identify or create the SSH key
If you need support on how to generate the SSH key follow our guide on How to add an SSH Key for GITLAB.
Add an SSH key
If you already have an SSH key login to GitLab and go to → Profile Settings → SSH Keys. In the field Key copy the contents of the file: id_rsa.pub (or any other file containing your key). Once you click Add Key, you will see the it listed.
Configure your local Git Client
Before proceeding check if your GIT client is already configured. LINUX/MACOSX terminal or Windows GIT bash , type the following:
git config --global --list
git config --list
If you use only one server for Git repositories configure it globally, otherwise locally.
Global GIT configuration
To configure GIT globally using the SSH key Inside the terminal/command line, type:
git config --global user.name "Firstname Lastname" git config --global user.email "email@example.com" git config --list
This data is stored in your gitconfiguration file: Linux/Mac: ~/.gitconfig Windows: C:\Users\username\.gitconfig
The content should be:
[user] name = Lastname Firstname email = firstname.lastname@example.org
Add your server data and insert this data in your ssh configuration file.
Linux/Mac file ~/.ssh/config:
host gitlab.inf.unibz.it user your_username
Windows file ~/.ssh/config:
Host gitlab.inf.unibz.it RSAAuthentication yes IdentityFile ~/.ssh/config/id_rsa.pub
You have to run the commands inside the directory where you want your repository to be. From terminal/command line, type:
cd repository_folder git config user.name "Firstname Lastname" git config user.email "your_other@email"
Should you receive this message fatal: not in a git directory, you have to initialize the folder as a git folder. Issue command :
and run commands again.
The logic of git requires you to checkout a project via CLONE. You ensure the project files are up to date by issuing a PULL command. Once the modifications on the project are done, you ADD the changes, you COMMIT them and you PUSH them to the gitlab server.
Create a new project via the web interface
Create a new project via the web interface. https://gitlab.inf.unibz.it/projects/new
Send the checkout URL to other collaborators. You can copy/paste it from the project settings (as SSH or as HTTPS).
Clone in new folder
git clone email@example.com:firstname-lastname/my-first-project.git cd my-first-project touch README.md git add README.md git commit -m "add README" git push -u origin master
Clone in existing folder
cd existing_folder git init git remote add origin firstname.lastname@example.org:firstname-lastname/my-first-project.git git add . git commit git push -u origin master
Go to the master branch to pull the latest changes from there
git checkout master
Download the latest changes in the project
This is for you to work on an up-to-date copy (it is important to do every time you work on a project), while you setup tracking branches.
git pull REMOTE NAME-OF-BRANCH -u
(REMOTE: origin) (NAME-OF-BRANCH: could be “master” or an existing branch)
Create a branch
Spaces won't be recognized, so you need to use a hyphen or underscore.
git checkout -b NAME-OF-BRANCH
Work on a branch that has already been created
git checkout NAME-OF-BRANCH
View the changes you've made
It's important to be aware of what's happening and what's the status of your changes.
Add changes to commit
You'll see your changes in red when you type “git status”.
git add CHANGES IN RED git commit -m "DESCRIBE THE INTENTION OF THE COMMIT"
Send changes to gitlab.inf.unibz.it
git push REMOTE NAME-OF-BRANCH
git add . git commit git push -u origin master
Delete all changes in the Git repository, but leave unstaged things
git checkout .
Delete all changes in the Git repository, including untracked files
git clean -f
Merge created branch with master branch
You need to be in the created branch.
git checkout NAME-OF-BRANCH git merge master
Some support cases
SourceTree failing to connect
- Delete entry in keychain for gitlab.inf.unibz.it
- Add key again to ssh client : ssh-add -K <key_path>
Renew the SSL certificates - gitlab.inf.unibz.it
Certificate is valid for 3 months
A cronjob renews the certificate every 1st day of the month
root@gitlab:~# vi /etc/cron.monthly/renew-le-certs
# At 04:05 on day-of-month 1. 5 4 1 * * /opt/gitlab/bin/gitlab-ctl renew-le-certs # At 04:10 on day-of-month 1. 10 4 1 * * /opt/gitlab/bin/gitlab-ctl reconfigure