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Since July 2016 we use GitLab to collaborate.
UNIBZ users have to login to GitLab and their account will be automatically enabled a few minutes after they try their first login.
External users can sign up with their Google, Github, Twitter, Facebook, Bitbucket or Microsoft account.
Here are some instructions on GitLab to ease its use.
If you need support on old repositories created via SVN please continue reading here.
Git is usually preinstalled in Linux and Mac, while in Windows you have to install a client.
You can have different hosts for different Git repositories which you access via specific username/e-mail. You have to configure your local Git with these settings.
You can either clone/push/pull via HTTPS or SSH. If you chose to use HTTPS, you’ll have to enter your credentials every time, if you choose to use SSH you only insert the password of your SSH key. Official documentation
The steps for pushing and pulling via SSH Key
- Step 3: Configure your local Git client
Identify or create the SSH key
You need an SSH key that resides on your workstation/notebook.
Check for an existing SSH key
If you already have an SSH key in your computer you will probably find it here:
Linux/macOS : ~/.ssh/id_rsa.pub
Windows : %userprofile%\.ssh\id_rsa.pub
Open the file with a text editor and check if it has contents. Typically it starts with ssh-rsa or ssh-ed25519. If it has contents add it to Gitlab if it does not exist or is empty generate an SSH key.
Generate an SSH key
Open a terminal on Linux or macOS, or Git Bash on Windows and run the command:
ssh-keygen -t rsa -C "your@email" -b 4096
ssh-keygen -t ed25519 -C "your@email"
You can check your e-mail on your Gitlab Profile Settings → Main Settings → Email
When you are asked for a location and file name you can either keep the default location or choose a new one. If this is your only key we advice you accept the defaults and maintain the file name id_rsa. Should you have several keys you can name them according to your own preferences. GitLab Official Documentation
Add the key to your ssh agent by issuing this commands on Linux/macOS or Git Bash for Windows (adapt to your id_rsa path):
$ eval "$(ssh-agent -s)" $ ssh-add -K ~/.ssh/id_rsa
Note: You can also use a key generator such as PuTTYgen instead of using the terminal. Please refer to the guidelines of the product on how to create the RSA key and the location of the file.
Add an SSH key
Login to Gitlab and go in Gitlab Profile Settings → SSH Keys.
In the field Key copy the contents of the file: id_rsa.pub (or any other file containing your key).
Choose a name to identify the key (ex. YourComputerName) and click Add Key, you will see the it listed.
Configure your local Git Client
Before proceeding check if your GIT client is already configured. In Linux/macOS terminal or Windows Git Bash, type the following:
git config --global --list
git config --list
This command lists any existing GIT repositories configurations. If you have an already existing configuration choose a local configuration (folder specific) for GIT. If you have no other GIT configurations you can configure it globally.
To configure GIT globally using the SSH key inside the terminal/command line, type:
git config --global user.name "Firstname Lastname" git config --global user.email "your@email" git config --list
Add your server data in your ssh configuration file. Verify the path is correct
Linux/Mac file ~/.ssh/config:
host gitlab.inf.unibz.it HostName gitlab.inf.unibz.it user your_username IdentityFile ~/.ssh/id_rsa
Windows file ~/.ssh/config:
Host gitlab.inf.unibz.it RSAAuthentication yes IdentityFile ~/.ssh/config/id_rsa
The data on the global Git configuration is stored in the file (Linux/macOS) ~/.gitconfig or (Windows) C:\Users\username\.gitconfig
The content would be (if configured):
[user] name = Lastname Firstname email = your@email
You have to run the commands inside the directory where you want your repository to be. From terminal/command line, type:
cd repository_folder_in_your_computer git config user.name "Firstname Lastname" git config user.email "your@email"
Should you receive this message fatal: not in a git directory, you have to initialize the folder as a git folder. Issue command :
and run git commands again.
The logic of git requires you to checkout a project via CLONE. You ensure the project files are up to date by issuing a PULL command. Once the modifications on the project are done, you ADD the changes, you COMMIT them and you PUSH them to the gitlab server.
Create a new project via the web interface
Create a new project via the web interface. https://gitlab.inf.unibz.it/projects/new
Send the checkout URL to other collaborators. You can copy/paste it from the project settings (as SSH or as HTTPS).
Clone in new folder
git clone firstname.lastname@example.org:firstname-lastname/my-first-project.git cd my-first-project touch README.md git add README.md git commit -m "add README" git push -u origin master
Clone in existing folder
cd existing_folder git init git remote add origin email@example.com:firstname-lastname/my-first-project.git git add . git commit git push -u origin master
Go to the master branch to pull the latest changes from there
git checkout master
Download the latest changes in the project
This is for you to work on an up-to-date copy (it is important to do every time you work on a project), while you setup tracking branches.
git pull REMOTE NAME-OF-BRANCH -u
(REMOTE: origin) (NAME-OF-BRANCH: could be “master” or an existing branch)
Create a branch
Spaces won't be recognized, so you need to use a hyphen or underscore.
git checkout -b NAME-OF-BRANCH
Work on a branch that has already been created
git checkout NAME-OF-BRANCH
View the changes you've made
It's important to be aware of what's happening and what's the status of your changes.
Add changes to commit
You'll see your changes in red when you type “git status”.
git add CHANGES IN RED git commit -m "DESCRIBE THE INTENTION OF THE COMMIT"
Send changes to gitlab.inf.unibz.it
git push REMOTE NAME-OF-BRANCH
git add . git commit git push -u origin master
Delete all changes in the Git repository, but leave unstaged things
git checkout .
Delete all changes in the Git repository, including untracked files
git clean -f
Merge created branch with master branch
You need to be in the created branch.
git checkout NAME-OF-BRANCH git merge master
Some support cases
SourceTree failing to connect
- Delete entry in keychain for gitlab.inf.unibz.it
- Add key again to ssh client : ssh-add -K <key_path>